PART II: Turkmen history and literature in the centuries XIV and XV — (Review on poems by Jahansha Hakyky)


Tomb of Sultan Satuk Bughra Khan, the first Muslim khan

Tomb of Sultan Satuk Bughra Khan,
the first Muslim khan, in
Artush, Xinjiang

Dr. Ovnuk, Hangeldi: 
1. Vigorous growth of literature and history Turkmani

Turkmen history and literature of historical events in his life, filled with many great figures in science is growing. One of the great medieval poet kings is Jahansha Garagoyunli (Jahansha Hakyky).» [4]
Growth and dynamism of Turkic ethnics literature after the advent of religion of Islam in Asia. Ofcourse Qarakhanids or Ilak-khanidsBoth dynastic names represent titles with Kara Kağan being the most important Turkish title up till the end of the dynasty» [5]) Turkmen dynasty begins. Kept the course of the IIXth century, the Turkmen Oghuz commands willingly accepted Islam religion and to recognize in the first half of the Xth century after the third dynasty Qarakhanids command Satuq Khan («Satyk Khan» or Bughra Khan) Islam as The official religion of the Turkmens government official Included. … » »»


Thus, by the end of the Xth century, all of the Turkic-speaking tribes converted to the Islam religious.»… In the same category as the tendency to»Turkic — faith(تورک ایمان)»(Turkman: into words — the written with brief form of the word «Turk-Iman» as a word «Turkiman» from Ghaznavids and Seljukids dynasties historic writer «Beyhaqi» starts.), In this process the word «Turkmen» is formed.» [6]

Traditional Islam and it’s philosophies that the cyclical component of «community Ummat (امُت)» on the unit and the «nation (ملت)» was being sought religious isolation, writers and religious scholars and clerics without prejudice Turkmen nation, most of their works in Arabic and Persian were also common. However, near the Turkmen language and literature of the period, along with Arabic, islamic Persian is the second largest after the dynamic equivalent, the language itself has evolved step by step. One of the most prominent advocates in the Xth century Mahmoud Kashgarli is in the category of the word, making it develop valuable scientific works on the «Divan Il-Lugat Il-Turk» was.
In that period Turkmen language, were common in the group of languages «Kashgari — Hakani». But in the period of Jahansha Hakyky Turkmen language and literature in the language groups «Turkman — Joghataii (the true word Chog ata)» spread was little difference in their pre-conceived notions with its branches. Several of the scientists who authored the language Turkic Khaghani attempted to have science include: «Khoja Ahmad Yasawi» leading effect «poetical wisdom(ديوان حکمت)», «Edip Ahmet Yüknekli» with the famous book «Atabetü’l-Hakayık (عتبة الحقايق)» and «Burhan al-din al- Rabguzi with the heavy book «Narrationes Rabghuzí of Prophetis (قـصـص الانبـياء رابغوزی)», were written in those period.[7]
A prologue written in such a famous Sufi read: «One of the most prominent poets of the XIV-XVth centuries, Turkmen literature is Jahansha Hakyky Garagoyunli. Based on available data, Jahansha was born in 1405. His father Qara Yusuf, one of the characters is a fighter of that era. His knowledge of the political, social — is well aware of his era. He is from Garagoyunli’s Turkmen tribes. Qara Yusup’s father who is ancestor of Jahanshah, who his name is known as Qara Muhammad Turkmen. «[8] .
Qara Muhammad Turkmen is grandson of Bayram Khoja Turkmen. Bayram Khoja Turkmen when had served in the categories of Baghdad ruler, Sultan Oveys Jalayer [9].

One of the historians of the XVth century Shokrollah Behjat called the book «Behjat al-tavarikh» gives reliable information about Jahanshah ethnic context. He writes:»… Thus in the history of the 852 k. deceased Sultan Murad, take me along his to the court of Jahanshah. Mirza said. Since we came to pay our respects and had begun the serving. The news came, a day that Mirza is something talking with your privacy. You should come. Hear the same, with the obedience told and reached. During the speaking, Mirza said; » -Sultan murad that my brother otherworldly is. Except the brotherhood is my relatives.».
Asked for his cause. Stated that: «- Maulana Ismail historian to bring here and to read Chronicles Oguz han». Then Maulana Ismail came and brought a book which it written in Uyghur language. The book said that the Oguz were six boys called him: Gok Alp, Yer Alp [10], Deniz Alp, Gun Alp, Ay Alp, Yildiz Alp.» Mirza said; «- My brother’s ancestry of Sultan Murad is the Gok Alp Ben Oguz, but ancestry Qara Yusuf looks to be reached to the Deniz Alp.» [11]. They are brother together. … Continue
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4 . در شجره شناسی اتنيکی اقوام ترکمن، قره قويونلوئيها از شاخه بهارلوئی که اعقاب آنها مربوط به طوايف ۲۴ گانه اوغوز ميگردد، ميباشـد. طایفه «بهارلوئی یا بهارلی» در حال حاضر یکی از طوایف قابل شمار در جمهوری ترکمنستان است که یکی از همکاران نزدیک اینجانب نویسنده این سطور از طایفه بهارلی ها دکتر اراز پولاد بهارلی اکأیف است. وی در انستیتو پژوهشی تاریخ یکی از آکادمسین های آکادمی علوم جمهوری ترکمنستان است.

5. Davidovich, E. A. (1998), «The Karakhanids», in Bosworth, C.E., History of Civilisations of Central Asia, 4 part I, UNESCO Publishing, p. 120, ISBN 92-3-103467-7

6 . مصّوبه کنفـرانس «اتحادیّه انسانی تـرکـمنهای دنـیِـا»، موضـوع کنفـرانس: «آفورمیلـِّـنـیه ايی پرایزخاژدِنیه تورکـمِـنسکی ناروُد (بستر باستانی و شکل گیری خلق تـرکـمن)»، عشق آباد – سال 1992- 1993/ م.
7. (the book by the son of Burhanuddin Once known as the «Rbghvzy» written in prose. authors of this parish «robots Oguz» in the Khorezm region, and thus the «Rbghvzy» (Rabat Oguz) are known.’s. etc, …
7. ҖАХАНША ХАКЫКЫ, «Гошгулар Диваны», ТМГИ, АШГАБАТ — 1999. 120 сах. [6 . Jahanşa Hakyky, “ Goşgylar diwany ”, TMGI, Aşgabat – 1999 ỳyl, 5 sah.]
9 . یکی از خوانین غرب تیموریان (گورکانیان)
10. در بعضی از روايات » داغ آلپ» بوده و آن نيای اسطوره ای ترکمنان امروزی قلمداد می شود.( خ. اونق).
11. Курбанов Г. « Персоязычное литературное наследие туркмен в XIV- XV вв, », Ашхабад – 1990 г. , 113 стр.
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